Local Vernacular Architecture

WhereBroughton Sports ClubType of EventIllustrated Talk
WhenMonday 20th AprilTutorBarry Harrison

Before the lecture Barrie had walked around the three villages taking photographs of buildings to provide local illustrations.

Medieval Architecture

Few dwellings remain from this period.  Most evidence in Churches, Castles and Monastic buildings.

Sexhow Hall does have one small section evidenced in roof trusses. Ground floor was constructed in stone, upper floor timber.

16th Century Tudor

Meynell Hall.  Current building is the remaining wing of a T or H plan building. There is a mullioned window on the west gable. Evidence of a hall,  in ^ (inverted V line) on facing side. Steep pitch roof, two and a half storeys high. It is hoped to learn more about this building. Reliable evidence will be in the roof construction.

Mullion windows,  Meynell Hall.

Long Houses   Crucks (or crux) common in NE England.  1512 Maltongate, Thornton-le-Dale 1572,  Harome Manor House.  Spout House at the Sun  Inn in Bilsdale is a local example of a crux construction. Hutton-le-Hole Museum has a long house, rebuilt from Danby. Characterised by cross passage. Fireplace beneath chimney off-centre when seen from outside, fire window adjacent to fire. The following illustrations are from Hutton-le-Hole Folk Museum.

Plan of a longhouse

17th Century

Building boom.  Sandstone blocks tooling pattern assists dating. Horizontal tool marks earlier than herringbone pattern.

Grange Farm, Broughton –a prosperous Yeoman farm. Mullion date inscribed 1665 and sculpted, north gable. Links to Rievaulx. 

Kirby Grammar School 1683 (or 1686) inscribed initials.

Holme Farm, The Holme, Gt Broughton.  Cross-passage, fire window, mullioned window.  Herringbone tooling on stone .

Broughton High Street, east side. Blocked fire window, offset chimney, cross-passage, 1700 or earlier.

Weavers Cottage, east side Broughton High Street. Classic 3 unit cross-passage, 3 piece mullion, sliding sash RH kitchen end, LH parlour.  (See photograph below.)

Glebe, Hill Rd Kirby.  Small labourers or craftsman house with cross passage.

18th Century

Brick now sometimes used when building a long way from quarry.

Cleveland House, Church Row, Kirby. Right side 1750.  Left side older cross-passage.

Opposite  Jet-Miners, Low roof, small rooms, 3 one-up, one down cottages characteristic of an industrial village. Doors now blocked, one dwelling.  

Georgian double fronted houses early 18th century.

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